- The chicken, Gallus gallus domesticus, is a domestic subspecies of the red junglefowl, a member of the pheasant family that is native to Asia.
- Chickens initially became domesticated between 8,000 and 10,000 years ago.
- Various cultures spread them around the world over the course of thousands of years via migration, trade and territorial conquests.
- Once chickens were domesticated, they were used for food, fighting and religious purposes.
- A staple of the poultry world; savory & juicy. Mild.
- A good source of several B vitamins, including niacin or vitamin B3, pantothenic acid or vitamin B5 and vitamin B6.
- Roosters perform a dance called ‘tidbitting’ in which they make sounds and move their head up and down, picking up and dropping food.
- Researchers have found that females prefer males that often perform tidbitting and have larger, brighter combs on top of their heads.
- Some scientists believe that the rooster’s wattle (the dangly bit beneath his beak) helps him to gain a hen’s attention when he is tidbitting.
- Chickens aren’t completely flightless—they can get airborne enough to make it over a fence or into a tree.
- Chickens are omnivores. They’ll eat seeds and insects but also larger prey like small mice etc.
- With 25 billion chickens in the world, there are more of them than any other bird species.
- Chick: baby chicken.
- Hen: female chicken that is old enough to lay eggs.
- Pullet: female chicken that is not old enough to lay eggs.
- Rooster, Cock or Cockerel: adult male.
- Tidbitting: a dance performed by a rooster during which which they make sounds and move their head up and down, picking up and dropping food.
- Wattle: dangly bit beneath the rooster’s beak: believed to help him gain a hen’s attention while tidbitting.